Jewels with the “bling” factor today are usually thought of in terms as CZs (cubic zirconia) or diamond jewelry. Sparkling like the water in a swimming pool on a quiet night, the gems always add an extra amount of glamour to both casual and formal wear. For brilliant blue pool water in your swimming pool, consider calling the best Eastlake, CA pool cleaning company. They will take good care of your swimming pool and get the pool water looking fantastic… Just like the sparkling diamond jewelry.
Cubic zirconia, or CZ, for short, is a synthetic variation of a mineral, called baddeleyite – an element that is considered exceptionally rare. The mineral is the oxide of the zirconium, zirconium dioxide element. First used in the space program in Russia for the purposes of photography, the substance was not included in jewelry until 1969. From that time, CZs have been used to simulate diamonds. CZ is often confused with zircon, a similar-looking, if not sound-alike gemstone. However, the two are not the same thing.
CZs are Heavier than Diamonds
Minerals are added when making CZs that cause the stones to take on various hues. Therefore, both CZs and diamonds can exhibit colors or be colorless. However, there are some key distinctions between the two gem varieties. While diamonds are rated 10 on the Mohs scale, CZs are rated around 8.5 to 9. CZs show more fire than their diamond counterparts and are approximately 1.7 times heavier.
The CZ: Optically Flawless
While diamonds exhibit flaws or inclusions, CZs, to the naked eye, are flawless. Because CZs can be manufactured so they are completely colorless, they can rate a perfect “D” on the color grade scale for diamonds. Diamonds, on the other hand, are rarely, if ever, truly colorless.
An Invincible Gem
The diamond, itself, is a type of carbon. It lives up to its name as the term for the gem comes from a Greek word meaning invincible. Besides the colorless variety, diamonds can be colored in a variety and intensity of colors. The diamond color scale rates color intensity all the way from faint to fancy dark.
Watch the video below to see how diamonds are made…